Corneal Lumps and Bumps


  • Mohammad Al-Fayyadh, MD Department of Ophthalmology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, ON
  • Mona Koaik, MD Department of Ophthalmology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, ON


Patients present to the ophthalmologist with various corneal pathologies, and it is imperative to differentiate the benign from the malignant at the slit lamp to provide them proper guidance and treatment. These conditions tend to play a more significant role in the pre-operative cataract evaluation as they typically affect post-operative visual rehabilitation. In this review, we aim to examine the differentiating factors of the many lumps and bumps that affect the cornea and the available ways for surgeons to treat them in Canada. 

Author Biographies

Mohammad Al-Fayyadh, MD, Department of Ophthalmology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, ON

Dr. Mohammad Al-Fayyadh is a board certified ophthalmologist who graduated from medical school with a bachelor’s degree in medicine and surgery (Aljouf University, Saudi Arabia). He completed his ophthalmology residency in Saudi Arabia and is currently a Cornea, Anterior segment and Refractive Surgery Fellow at the University of Ottawa.

Mona Koaik, MD, Department of Ophthalmology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, ON

Dr. Mona Koaik is a Cornea, Anterior Segment and Refractive Surgeon at the University of Ottawa Eye Institute where she also serves as an Assistant Professor of Ophthalmology. She received her Bachelor and Medical degrees from the American University of Beirut where she also did her Ophthalmology training. She then completed her fellowship in Cornea and Anterior Segment Surgery in Ottawa. She has an enthusiastic and keen interest in cataract surgery, refractive cataract and cornea surgeries, and ocular surface surgery. Dr. Koaik has a very keen interest in research and innovations in Ophthalmology and has published several articles and presented at various national and international meetings. Lately, her focus has shifted to more anterior segment and corneal diseases, and she is currently involved in starting and conducting many projects related to medical and surgical treatment of corneal diseases, as well as projects related to corneal and lenticular refractive surgery.


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How to Cite

Al-Fayyadh M, Koaik M. Corneal Lumps and Bumps. Can Eye Care Today [Internet]. 2024 Feb. 28 [cited 2024 Jun. 18];3(1):18–26. Available from: